Name: EuroFighter Typhoon
Constructor: Several European countriesLength: 15m96
Max Speed: Mach 2.0+
Ceiling: 18290 m
Weight Max: 23500 kg
Range: 1390 km
1 cannon 27 mm
6500 kg max payload
15 types of rockets
6500 kg max payload
15 types of rockets
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine multi-role canard-delta strike fighter aircraft, designed and built by a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers, Eurofighter GmbH, formed in 1983.
The series production of the Eurofighter Typhoon is now underway and the aircraft has formally entered service with the Italian Air Force. 'Initial Operational Capability' is expected to be declared by Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom in 2006. Austria has purchased 18 Typhoons, while Saudi Arabia signed a contract on 18 August 2006 for 72 to be built by BAE Systems.
Technical BriefingThe Eurofighter is a product of a four nation consortium made up of the UK, Germany, Italy, and Spain. The Eurofighter program began in 1983 with a desire to produce an aircraft that could be used for worldwide defense well into the 21st century. Formal development began with the EAP (Experimental Aircraft Programme) in 1988. In March of 1994, the first flight of the EF2000 prototype occurred. The EF2000 is now slated for delivery to the RAF in the year 2003. The Eurofighter is a canard equipped delta aircraft optimized for the air-superiority role but able to be used for ground attack. Extensive use of high technology materials has been made including carbon composites, glass reinforced plastics, titanium, and aluminum lithium, in 80% of the airframe. Like the Gripen and Rafale the EF2000 uses canards and a broad delta wing to get the best combination of agility, lift, and speed.
The cockpit environment is one of the most advanced in the world using digital fly-by wire and multi-function displays. Twin EJ2000 reheated turbofans provide for a powerful yet efficient propulsion system. Advanced armament makes the EF2000 a deadly adversary for any enemy.
|Specification and Dimensions Eurofighter Typhoon|
|Export||Greece (60); Austria (18); Saudi Arabia (72 - replacing the Tornado)|
|Engines||2× Eurojet EJ200 afterburning turbofans, 60 kN dry, 93 kN with afterburner.|
|Wing area||50.0 m2|
|Wing loading||311 kg/m²|
|Wing aspect ratio||2.205|
|Canard Area||2.4 m2|
|Tail Plane Area||N/A|
|Maximum speed||Mach 2.0+ (2390 km/h at high altitude)|
|Maximum speed at low altitude||Mach 1.2 (1470 km/h, 915 mph at sea level)|
|Supercruise speed||Mach 1.3+ at altitude with typical air-to-air armament|
|Minimum speed||203 km/h|
|Rate of climb||255 m/s|
|Service ceiling||18290 m (60,000 ft)|
|Time to 10600m/Mach 1.5||< 2,5 min|
|Runway length||500 m (take off under 8 seconds)|
|Basic mass empty||9750 kg (21,495 lb.)|
|Empty Weight||10995 kg|
|Max take-off mass||23500 kg|
|Max external stores||6500 kg (14,300 lb.)|
|Internal Fuel Weight||5000 kg|
|Maximum instantenous turn rate||Unknown|
|Maximum sustained turn rate||Unknown|
|Armament||1x 27 mm Mauser BK-27 cannon|
ArmamentThe Eurofighter carries NATO's best weapons. It has a high load Capacity with flexible missile configurations. It has thirteen carriage points, three of which are capable of holding external fuel tanks. The maximum fuel or weapons payload is 6,500 kg (14,330 lb.). A mixture of at least ten ASRAAMs (advanced short range air-to-air missiles) and AMRAAM (advanced medium range air-to-air missiles) can be carried with four of the AMRAAMs housed in low drag, low observability fuselage stations. A wide variety of air-to-surface weapons can be carried on seven stations, including avionics stores such as laser designators.
* S-225 long range (radar guided) * AIM 120 medium range (radar guided) * ASRAAM short range infra-red * AIM 9M short range infra-red * 27mm Mauser cannon
* AGM 65 Maverick * ALARM anti-radar missile * Sea Eagle anti-ship missile * Paveway laser guided bombs * CR-V7 unguided rockets * BL755 cluster bombs.v * Durandal, other free fall bombs.